Fault Injection Methodologies
Celia López Ongil (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain)
Traditionally, heavy ions radiation affecting digital systems working in avionics systems has been of huge interest. Nowadays, due to the shrinking technology process, Integrated Circuits became sensitive also to other kinds of radiation particles such as neutron that can exist at the earth surface and affects ground-level safety critical applications such as automotive or medical systems. The process of analyzing and hardening digital devices against soft errors implies rising the final cost due to time expensive fault injection campaigns and radiation tests, as well as reducing system performance due to the insertion of redundancy-based mitigation solutions. The main industrial problem arising is the localization of the critical elements in the circuit in order to apply optimal mitigation techniques. The proposal of this lecture is to present and discuss different solutions currently available for assessing and implementing the fault tolerance of digital circuits, not only when the unique design description is provided but also at the component level, especially when Commercial-of-the-shelf (COTS) devices are selected.